Mozambique 250 Meticais
10th Anniversary of Independence
Alloy Dimensions Weight Mintage Date of issue
Cn-Ni 38.61 mm 28.28g N/A 1985
With communist and anti-colonial ideologies spreading throughout Africa, many clandestine political movements were established for the independence of Mozambique. These movements said the development policies and plans developed by government authorities were just meant for the benefit of its population living in Mozambique, and little attention was given to the integration of Mozambican tribes and development of indigenous communities. According to the official statements of the guerrillas, it affected the majority of the indigenous population who suffered both state-sponsored discrimination as the enormous social pressure. Many felt they had received very little opportunity or resources to upgrade their skills and improve their economic and social situation to a degree comparable to that of Mozambicans Europeans. Statistically, the Portuguese white Mozambique were in fact much richer and skilled than the native black majority.
In response to the guerrilla movement, the Portuguese government initiated gradual changes with new socio-economic policies and equal for all citizens from the 1960s and especially the 1970s.
The Liberation Front of Mozambique (FRELIMO) began a guerrilla campaign against the Portuguese government in September 1964. This conflict, along with the other two already begun in other Portuguese colonies of Portuguese West Africa (Angola) and the Portuguese Guinea, has If part of the so-called Portuguese Colonial War (1961-1974). From the military point of view, the Portuguese army maintained control of population centers while the guerrilla forces sought to spread its influence in rural areas in the north and the west.
After ten years of war and with the return of Portugal to democracy through a military coup left in Lisbon, which replaced the Estado Novo regime in Portugal by a military junta (the Carnation Revolution of April 1974), and Following the Lusaka Accords, FRELIMO took control of Mozambique. Mozambique became independent from Portugal on 25 June 1975